C语言 在程序中打开网页,模拟鼠标点击、键盘输入

C语言 在程序中打开网页,模拟鼠标点击、键盘输入

一、简述

        记--使用C语言 打开指定网页,并模拟鼠标点击、键盘输入。实现半自动填写账号密码,并登录网站(当然现在的大部分网站都有验证码,或有检测"非人为"操作,以防止恶意注册、登录)。

       例子打包:链接: https://pan.baidu.com/s/1eStV0lAcmr8kmEA0n3LRcg 提取码: 7kvj 

二、效果  (程序填写账号密码,实现半自动登录)

三、工程结构

四、源文件

       main.c文件

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <Windows.h> //ShellExecuteA()

//打开某个网址:website (使用默认浏览器) 
void open_web(char *website)
{
	ShellExecuteA(0,"open", website,0,0,1);
}


//模拟鼠标点击  (x,y)是要点击的位置 
void click(int x, int y)
{
	//将鼠标光标移动到 指定的位置     例子中屏幕分辨率1600x900  在鼠标坐标系统中,屏幕在水平和垂直方向上均匀分割成65535×65535个单元
	mouse_event(MOUSEEVENTF_ABSOLUTE|MOUSEEVENTF_MOVE, x*65535/1600, y*65535/900, 0, 0);
	
	Sleep(50);//稍微延时50ms 
    mouse_event(MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTDOWN,0,0,0,0);//鼠标左键按下 
    mouse_event(MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTUP,0,0,0,0);//鼠标左键抬起
 }

//模拟键盘输入 keybd_event(要按下的字符,0,动作,0);动作为0是按下,动作为2是抬起 
void input()
{
	char user[]="1234567890123";//账号 
	char pwd[]="1234567890";//密码 
	
	click(823,392); //点击"用户名输入框"的位置 	
	
	int i;
	//输入账号 
	for(i=0;i<sizeof(user);i++)
	{
		keybd_event(user[i],0,0,0);
		keybd_event(user[i],0,2,0);
		Sleep(30);	
	}
	
	//tab键 对应的编号是0x09  让密码输入框 获取焦点 
	keybd_event(0x09,0,0,0);//按下 
	keybd_event(0x09,0,2,0); //松开 
	Sleep(30);	
	
	//输入密码 
	for(i=0;i<sizeof(pwd);i++)
	{
		keybd_event(pwd[i],0,0,0);
		keybd_event(pwd[i],0,2,0);
		Sleep(30);
	}
	
	//模拟按下tab键 让登录按钮获取焦点 
	click(824,530);//点击"登录按钮" 
	Sleep(30);
}


//将chrome.exe进程杀掉,在例子中尚未使用 
void close()
{
	system("taskkill  /f  /im chrome.exe");
}

int main(int argc,char *argv[])
{
	open_web("https://www.baidu.com/");//打开某个网址 
	Sleep(4000);//延时4秒,等待网页打开完毕,再进行其它操作。根据实际情况(浏览器打开速度,网速) 
	click(1454, 126);//点击"登录"(1454,126) 
	Sleep(150);
	click(712,658);//点击"用户名登录"
	Sleep(150);
	input();//模拟鼠标动作,键盘输入 
	return 0;
}

五、总结

      5.1 ShellExecute()函数 

ShellExecute()函数
功能对指定的文件执行操作。(可以实现调用第三方程序)
头文件Windows.h   
原型HINSTANCE ShellExecuteA( HWND hwnd, LPCSTR lpOperation, LPCSTR lpFile, LPCSTR lpParameters, LPCSTR lpDirectory, INT nShowCmd );
参数hwnd父窗口的句柄。如果操作与窗口不关联,则此值可以为空
lpOperation

指定要执行的操作(谓词)

edit:启动编辑器并打开文档进行编辑。要打开的文档文件由lpFile指定

explore:浏览由参数lpFile指定的文件夹

find:搜索由参数lpDirectory指定的目录

open:打开lpFile参数指定的项。可以是文件或文件夹,或者是网页。

print:打印由lpFile指定的文件。

NULL:默认操作。如果没有,则使用“open”动词。如果“open”不可用,系统将使用注册表中列出的第一个谓词。

lpFile操作对象(文件等。。。)
lpParameters如果lpFile指定可执行文件,则此参数是指向以-结束的字符串的指针,该字符串指定要传递给应用程序的参数。此字符串的格式由要调用的谓词决定。如果lpFile指定文档文件,则lpParameters应为空。
lpDirectory指定操作的默认(工作)目录。如果此值为NULL,则使用当前工作目录。
nShowCmd

指定打开应用程序时如何显示的标志。如果lpFile指定文档文件,则只需将标志传递给关联的应用程序。应该由应用程序来决定如何处理它。这些值是定义的。

SW_HIDE:隐藏

SW_MAXIMIZE :最大化

SW_MINIMIZE :最小化

。。。

返回值如果函数成功,则返回大于32的值。如果函数失败,它将返回一个错误值
备注

更多详见:https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/desktop/api/Shellapi/nf-shellapi-shellexecutea

 

       打开指定网页:

ShellExecute(0, "open", "https://www.baidu.com/",0, 0, 1);//最后的参数是控制最大化、最小化,隐藏

       打开某个可执行文件:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <windows.h> //ShellExecute() 

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
	ShellExecute(0, "open", "C:\\Users\\newuser\\Desktop\\串口助手.exe",0, 0, 1);//最后的参数是控制最大化、最小化
	printf("Hello World!\n");
	return 0;
}

 

        

     5.2 mouse_event()函数 

 mouse_event()函数
功能合成鼠标运动和按钮单击。(模拟鼠标动作)
头文件Windows.h   
原型void mouse_event(
  DWORD     dwFlags,
  DWORD     dx,
  DWORD     dy,
  DWORD     dwData,
  ULONG_PTR dwExtraInfo
);
参数dwFlags

控制鼠标运动和按钮点击的各个方面(鼠标动作类型)

MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTDOWN:鼠标左键按下

MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTUP:鼠标左键抬起

MOUSEEVENTF_RIGHTDOWN:鼠标右键按下

MOUSEEVENTF_RIGHTUP:鼠标右键抬起

MOUSEEVENTF_WHEEL:鼠标滚轮,数值由参数dwData指定

MOUSEEVENTF_ABSOLUTE:鼠标光标位置,由参数dx,dy指定。

dxx坐标
dyy坐标
dwData滚轮滚动值
dwExtraInfo与鼠标事件关联的附加值。调用GetMessageExtraInfo()以获取此额外信息
返回值无返回值
备注

详见:https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/desktop/api/winuser/nf-winuser-mouse_event

 

            将鼠标移动到指定位置(x,y)

//例子中屏幕分辨率1600x900  在鼠标坐标系统中,屏幕在水平和垂直方向上均匀分割成65535×65535个单元
mouse_event(MOUSEEVENTF_ABSOLUTE|MOUSEEVENTF_MOVE, x*65535/1600, y*65535/900, 0, 0);
    

            按下鼠标左键,然后抬起

mouse_event(MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTDOWN,0,0,0,0);//鼠标左键按下 
mouse_event(MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTUP,0,0,0,0);//鼠标左键抬起

     5.3 keybd_event()函数

keybd_event()函数
功能合成击键。(模拟键盘输入)
头文件Windows.h   
原型void keybd_event( BYTE bVk, BYTE bScan, DWORD dwFlags, ULONG_PTR dwExtraInfo );
参数bVk虚拟按键代码编号
bScan按键的的硬件扫描代码
dwFlags

控制功能操作的各个方面

KEYEVENTF_EXTENDEDKEY:如果指定,扫描代码前面有一个前缀字节,其值为0xE0

KEYEVENTF_KEYUP:如果指定,则抬起按键。

dwExtraInfo按键动作的附加信息
返回值无返回值
备注

详见:https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/desktop/api/winuser/nf-winuser-keybd_event

 

 

           模拟按下数字按键"9":       (‘9’的和0x39都表示数字按键9)

keybd_event('9',0,0,0);//按下按键 ‘9’
keybd_event('9',0,2,0);//抬起按键 ‘9’

或  0x39

keybd_event(0x39,0,0,0);//按下按键 ‘9’
keybd_event(0x39,0,2,0);//抬起按键 ‘9’

          

          虚拟按键 代码列表:https://docs.microsoft.com/zh-cn/windows/desktop/inputdev/virtual-key-codes

          

虚拟按键代码Description

VK_LBUTTON

0x01

Left mouse button (鼠标左键)

VK_RBUTTON

0x02

Right mouse button (鼠标右键)

VK_CANCEL

0x03

Control-break processing

VK_MBUTTON

0x04

Middle mouse button (three-button mouse)

VK_XBUTTON1

0x05

X1 mouse button

VK_XBUTTON2

0x06

X2 mouse button

-

0x07

Undefined

VK_BACK

0x08

BACKSPACE key(退格键)

VK_TAB

0x09

TAB key (Tab键)

-

0x0A-0B

Reserved

VK_CLEAR

0x0C

CLEAR key

VK_RETURN

0x0D

ENTER key(回车键)

-

0x0E-0F

Undefined

VK_SHIFT

0x10

SHIFT key

VK_CONTROL

0x11

CTRL key

VK_MENU

0x12

ALT key

VK_PAUSE

0x13

PAUSE key

VK_CAPITAL

0x14

CAPS LOCK key

VK_KANA

0x15

IME Kana mode

VK_HANGUEL

0x15

IME Hanguel mode (maintained for compatibility; use VK_HANGUL)

VK_HANGUL

0x15

IME Hangul mode

-

0x16

Undefined

VK_JUNJA

0x17

IME Junja mode

VK_FINAL

0x18

IME final mode

VK_HANJA

0x19

IME Hanja mode

VK_KANJI

0x19

IME Kanji mode

-

0x1A

Undefined

VK_ESCAPE

0x1B

ESC key

VK_CONVERT

0x1C

IME convert

VK_NONCONVERT

0x1D

IME nonconvert

VK_ACCEPT

0x1E

IME accept

VK_MODECHANGE

0x1F

IME mode change request

VK_SPACE

0x20

SPACEBAR

VK_PRIOR

0x21

PAGE UP key

VK_NEXT

0x22

PAGE DOWN key

VK_END

0x23

END key

VK_HOME

0x24

HOME key

VK_LEFT

0x25

LEFT ARROW key

VK_UP

0x26

UP ARROW key

VK_RIGHT

0x27

RIGHT ARROW key

VK_DOWN

0x28

DOWN ARROW key

VK_SELECT

0x29

SELECT key

VK_PRINT

0x2A

PRINT key

VK_EXECUTE

0x2B

EXECUTE key

VK_SNAPSHOT

0x2C

PRINT SCREEN key

VK_INSERT

0x2D

INS key

VK_DELETE

0x2E

DEL key

VK_HELP

0x2F

HELP key

0x30

0 key (数字1)

0x31

1 key

0x32

2 key

0x33

3 key

0x34

4 key

0x35

5 key

0x36

6 key

0x37

7 key

0x38

8 key

0x39

9 key

-

0x3A-40

Undefined

0x41

A key

0x42

B key

0x43

C key

0x44

D key

0x45

E key

0x46

F key

0x47

G key

0x48

H key

0x49

I key

0x4A

J key

0x4B

K key

0x4C

L key

0x4D

M key

0x4E

N key

0x4F

O key

0x50

P key

0x51

Q key

0x52

R key

0x53

S key

0x54

T key

0x55

U key

0x56

V key

0x57

W key

0x58

X key

0x59

Y key

0x5A

Z key

VK_LWIN

0x5B

Left Windows key (Natural keyboard) 

VK_RWIN

0x5C

Right Windows key (Natural keyboard)

VK_APPS

0x5D

Applications key (Natural keyboard)

-

0x5E

Reserved

VK_SLEEP

0x5F

Computer Sleep key

VK_NUMPAD0

0x60

Numeric keypad 0 key

VK_NUMPAD1

0x61

Numeric keypad 1 key

VK_NUMPAD2

0x62

Numeric keypad 2 key

VK_NUMPAD3

0x63

Numeric keypad 3 key

VK_NUMPAD4

0x64

Numeric keypad 4 key

VK_NUMPAD5

0x65

Numeric keypad 5 key

VK_NUMPAD6

0x66

Numeric keypad 6 key

VK_NUMPAD7

0x67

Numeric keypad 7 key

VK_NUMPAD8

0x68

Numeric keypad 8 key

VK_NUMPAD9

0x69

Numeric keypad 9 key

VK_MULTIPLY

0x6A

Multiply key

VK_ADD

0x6B

Add key

VK_SEPARATOR

0x6C

Separator key

VK_SUBTRACT

0x6D

Subtract key

VK_DECIMAL

0x6E

Decimal key

VK_DIVIDE

0x6F

Divide key

VK_F1

0x70

F1 key

VK_F2

0x71

F2 key

VK_F3

0x72

F3 key

VK_F4

0x73

F4 key

VK_F5

0x74

F5 key

VK_F6

0x75

F6 key

VK_F7

0x76

F7 key

VK_F8

0x77

F8 key

VK_F9

0x78

F9 key

VK_F10

0x79

F10 key

VK_F11

0x7A

F11 key

VK_F12

0x7B

F12 key

VK_F13

0x7C

F13 key

VK_F14

0x7D

F14 key

VK_F15

0x7E

F15 key

VK_F16

0x7F

F16 key

VK_F17

0x80

F17 key

VK_F18

0x81

F18 key

VK_F19

0x82

F19 key

VK_F20

0x83

F20 key

VK_F21

0x84

F21 key

VK_F22

0x85

F22 key

VK_F23

0x86

F23 key

VK_F24

0x87

F24 key

-

0x88-8F

Unassigned

VK_NUMLOCK

0x90

NUM LOCK key

VK_SCROLL

0x91

SCROLL LOCK key

0x92-96

OEM specific

-

0x97-9F

Unassigned

VK_LSHIFT

0xA0

Left SHIFT key

VK_RSHIFT

0xA1

Right SHIFT key

VK_LCONTROL

0xA2

Left CONTROL key

VK_RCONTROL

0xA3

Right CONTROL key

VK_LMENU

0xA4

Left MENU key

VK_RMENU

0xA5

Right MENU key

VK_BROWSER_BACK

0xA6

Browser Back key

VK_BROWSER_FORWARD

0xA7

Browser Forward key

VK_BROWSER_REFRESH

0xA8

Browser Refresh key

VK_BROWSER_STOP

0xA9

Browser Stop key

VK_BROWSER_SEARCH

0xAA

Browser Search key 

VK_BROWSER_FAVORITES

0xAB

Browser Favorites key

VK_BROWSER_HOME

0xAC

Browser Start and Home key

VK_VOLUME_MUTE

0xAD

Volume Mute key

VK_VOLUME_DOWN

0xAE

Volume Down key

VK_VOLUME_UP

0xAF

Volume Up key

VK_MEDIA_NEXT_TRACK

0xB0

Next Track key

VK_MEDIA_PREV_TRACK

0xB1

Previous Track key

VK_MEDIA_STOP

0xB2

Stop Media key

VK_MEDIA_PLAY_PAUSE

0xB3

Play/Pause Media key

VK_LAUNCH_MAIL

0xB4

Start Mail key

VK_LAUNCH_MEDIA_SELECT

0xB5

Select Media key

VK_LAUNCH_APP1

0xB6

Start Application 1 key

VK_LAUNCH_APP2

0xB7

Start Application 2 key

-

0xB8-B9

Reserved

VK_OEM_1

0xBA

Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.
For the US standard keyboard, the ';:' key 

VK_OEM_PLUS

0xBB

For any country/region, the '+' key

VK_OEM_COMMA

0xBC

For any country/region, the ',' key

VK_OEM_MINUS

0xBD

For any country/region, the '-' key

VK_OEM_PERIOD

0xBE

For any country/region, the '.' key

VK_OEM_2

0xBF

Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.
For the US standard keyboard, the '/?' key 

VK_OEM_3

0xC0

Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard. 
For the US standard keyboard, the '`~' key 

-

0xC1-D7

Reserved

-

0xD8-DA

Unassigned

VK_OEM_4

0xDB

Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard. 
For the US standard keyboard, the '[{' key

VK_OEM_5

0xDC

Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard. 
For the US standard keyboard, the '\|' key

VK_OEM_6

0xDD

Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard. 
For the US standard keyboard, the ']}' key

VK_OEM_7

0xDE

Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard. 
For the US standard keyboard, the 'single-quote/double-quote' key

VK_OEM_8

0xDF

Used for miscellaneous characters; it can vary by keyboard.

-

0xE0

Reserved

0xE1

OEM specific

VK_OEM_102

0xE2

Either the angle bracket key or the backslash key on the RT 102-key keyboard

0xE3-E4

OEM specific

VK_PROCESSKEY

0xE5

IME PROCESS key

0xE6

OEM specific

VK_PACKET

0xE7

Used to pass Unicode characters as if they were keystrokes. The VK_PACKET key is the low word of a 32-bit Virtual Key value used for non-keyboard input methods. For more information, see Remark in KEYBDINPUTSendInputWM_KEYDOWN, and WM_KEYUP

-

0xE8

Unassigned

0xE9-F5

OEM specific

VK_ATTN

0xF6

Attn key

VK_CRSEL

0xF7

CrSel key

VK_EXSEL

0xF8

ExSel key

VK_EREOF

0xF9

Erase EOF key

VK_PLAY

0xFA

Play key

VK_ZOOM

0xFB

Zoom key

VK_NONAME

0xFC

Reserved 

VK_PA1

0xFD

PA1 key

VK_OEM_CLEAR

0xFE

Clear key
  

 

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